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Polling places on Election Day

A voter passes through the shoe section at Goodwill to get to the polling place in the North Side store in Madison on Tuesday.

A majority of voters casting midterm election ballots in Wisconsin said the country is headed in the wrong direction, according to a wide-ranging survey of the American electorate.

As voters cast ballots for governor, U.S. Senate and members of Congress in Tuesday's elections, AP VoteCast found that 40 percent of Wisconsin voters said the country is on the right track, compared with 59 percent who said the country is headed in the wrong direction.

Here's a snapshot of who voted and why in Wisconsin, based on preliminary results from AP VoteCast, a nationwide survey of about 138,000 voters and nonvoters -- including 4,675 voters and 576 nonvoters in the state of Wisconsin -- conducted for The Associated Press by NORC at the University of Chicago.

Race for Senate

In the race for Senate, Democrat Tammy Baldwin had a sizable advantage over Republican Leah Vukmir among voters under 45; likewise, those ages 45 and older leaned toward Baldwin.

Voters with a college education preferred Baldwin. Likewise, voters without a college degree leaned toward Baldwin. Baldwin defeated Vukmir in Tuesday's race, according to The Associated Press.

Race for governor

Democrat Tony Evers led Republican Scott Walker among voters under 45 in the race for governor. Voters ages 45 and older were split.

Voters without a college degree were divided in their support over Evers and Walker. Conversely, college graduates favored Evers.

Top issue: Health care

Health care was at the forefront of voters' minds: 36 percent named it as the most important issue facing the nation in this year's midterm elections. Others considered immigration (18 percent), the economy (17 percent), the environment (9 percent) and gun policy (6 percent) to be the top issue.

State of the economy

Voters have a positive view of the nation's current economic outlook -- 65 percent said the nation's economy is good, compared with 34 percent who said it's not good.

Trump factor

For 41 percent of Wisconsin voters, President Donald Trump was not a factor they considered while casting their votes. By comparison, 19 percent said a reason for their vote was to express support for Trump, and 39 percent said they voted to express opposition to Trump.

A majority of voters in Wisconsin had negative views of Trump: 59 percent said they disapprove of how he is handling his job as president, while 40 percent said they approve of Trump.

Control of Congress

Tuesday's elections will determine control of Congress in the final two years of Trump's first term in office, and 64 percent of Wisconsin voters said which party will hold control was very important as they considered their vote. Another 24 percent said it was somewhat important.

Staying at home

In Wisconsin, 68 percent of registered voters who chose not to vote in the midterm election were younger than 45. A wide share of those who did not vote -- 83 percent -- did not have a college degree. About as many nonvoters were Democrats (27 percent) as Republicans (32 percent).

About the survey:

AP VoteCast is a survey of the American electorate in all 50 states conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago for The Associated Press and Fox News. The survey of 4,675 voters and 576 nonvoters in Wisconsin was conducted Oct. 29 to Nov. 6, concluding as polls close on Election Day. It combines interviews in English or Spanish with a random sample of registered voters drawn from state voter files and self-identified registered voters selected from opt-in online panels. Participants in the probability-based portion of the survey were contacted by phone and mail, and had the opportunity to take the survey by phone or online. The margin of sampling error for voters is estimated to be plus or minus 1.9 percentage points. All surveys are subject to multiple sources of error, including from sampling, question wording and order, and nonresponse. Find more details about AP VoteCast's methodology at http://www.ap.org/votecast.

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