Hmong leaders say Trump deportation plan endangers refugees

Hmong leaders say Trump deportation plan endangers refugees


A Hmong dance group waits to perform at a Hmong New Year's celebration in West Salem in 2018.

Members of Wisconsin’s Hmong community are speaking out after reports that the Trump administration is seeking authority to deport thousands of Hmong residents to Laos.

A State Department spokesperson on Monday confirmed to Wisconsin Public Radio that the administration is calling on Laos to accept deported U.S. residents, and said “the U.S. government is funding a reintegration program in Laos for those who need extra assistance.”

In late January, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met with Lao foreign minister Saleumxay Kommasith. In a recently surfaced letter dated Feb. 3, U.S. Rep. Betty McCollum said the administration “is negotiating with (Laos) to allow for the deportation of longtime Hmong and Lao residents of the United States back to the country of their birth.”

McCollum, a Minnesota Democrat, blasted the policy as “a direct attack on my constituents and their family members” and called the proposal “unconscionable.”

The proposal could affect more than 4,500 Hmong and Lao who are not citizens and who have committed crimes or have deportation orders against them. These individuals have mostly been safe from deportation because of a long history of human rights violations against the Hmong by the Communist government of Laos.

“My dad was part of the (Hmong) military in Laos that resisted the Communist Party,” said Zang Vang, a public relations official with the Wisconsin Hmong Association in Madison. “The reason we left the country is we’re considered the enemy.”

“Right now Laos is still a Communist country,” said Long Vue, of Appleton. “We had to flee Laos because of being persecuted. And we still have Hmong in Laos still being persecuted today.”

Gov. Tony Evers joined in the outcry of the Trump administration’s plans in a letter to Pompeo, whom he asked to reconsider the plan. Evers underscored that Wisconsin is home to more than one-fifth of the Hmong population in the U.S., and that the Hmong people have long played an important part in the state’s culture and economy. Many of the Hmong people living in Wisconsin arrived in the state as refugees seeking asylum from human rights violations in Laos.

Hundreds of Hmong people in Wisconsin could be affected, Evers said.

“The Trump Administration’s veiled negotiations are sowing fear into Hmong communities across Wisconsin,” Evers wrote. “The potential deportation of Hmong Wisconsinites is yet another example of your administration’s problematic disposition and policies toward refugee and immigrant populations.”

Vue, who is executive director of a statewide coalition of Hmong associations, the Wisconsin United Coalition of Mutual Assistance Association Inc., said deporting Hmong residents would send a message to the world that the U.S. doesn’t value its allies. Hmong fighters first came to the U.S. as refugees in the 1970s after assisting the U.S. in the Vietnam War. And he said Laos is not safe for the Hmong.

“If the plans of the U.S. government is to send (Hmong residents) back, basically they’ll be persecuted, imprisoned or killed,” Vue said.

The number of people who would be eligible for deportation under the proposal would be a small slice of the Hmong population in the U.S. There are about 49,000 Hmong people in Wisconsin and about 300,000 nationwide, according to U.S. Census data, and the majority of them are U.S. citizens.

Vang said many of those who are Green Card holders — legal permanent residents but not U.S. citizens — are those in their 20s and 30s who came to the U.S. as young children during refugee resettlements in the 1980s and ‘90s. They speak English and have few connections to the country of their birth.

“They have no idea of the culture there,” he said. “They will not know how to survive if they’re sent back to Laos.”

Yee Leng Xiong, the director of the Hmong American Center in Wausau, said Hmong and southeast Asian advocacy groups are responding to the reports, even as they are also waiting for more information about the State Department’s plans. But he said the Hmong community’s response could have implications on the fall presidential election in Wisconsin.

“The Hmong community will come out and vote in this election if that does go through, and they will remember it,” Xiong said.

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